Moles (Talpa Europaea) have a solitary behavioural traits and tend to carry out duties individually. They completely reside beneath the earth or soil in a system of tunnels with tiers that reach the surface and are capable of covering over a 1000m2 depending on available food sources. The tunnels serve the purpose of acting as traps to unsuspecting invertebrates as well as a dwelling in and manoeuvring through which takes place throughout the day.
Although moles are active all year round, the breeding season takes place between the spring and summer months and a single litter of up to 4 is birthed per year. After the female has given birth the young go through rapid development leaving the nest just after 5 weeks then dispersing from the mother in the following 5 weeks eventually becoming sexually active roughly a year later.
Identifying a Infestation
The only way the presence of moles can be identified in their habitual environments is by:
Dug Out Earth & Soils
Earth and soil are commonly dug beneath by moles as borrows are made into living quarters and the evidence is generally Large Dirt Mounds which would be clustered together at a reasonable distance of each other at the surface ground level.
The physical appearance of a Mole is one of an oblong shaped body which is covered with a black velvety coat throughout. They have large powerful forepaws solely for the purpose of digging at depths through the earth. They have poor eyesight though they are still capable of detecting light and have superior senses in touch and hearing. They are approximately 12 – 16cm in length from nose to tail and roughly 3 times the size of an adult mouse.